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Gendered Jobs Are on the Decline, But Stereotypes Remain

The sexism of the workplace is hurtful to both genders.

  • The explicit designation of a job “female” could instantly diminish the authority of the job.
  • The lines between genders are blurring, and positions in fields that are predominantly female becoming increasingly filled by males and reversed.
  • While gender-related barriers in the workplace are diminishing, research on the presence of transgender and nonbinary genders in workplaces is not done.
  • The information in this article was written intended for managers and employees interested in trends in gender makeup in the workplace.

The number of jobs and industries are diversifying their gender composition and the gender binary pay gap is shrinking. In 1980 the employers paid women aged 25-34 about 33 cents more per hour. By 2020, the amount was not yet zero however the rate wasmuch less in the range of 7 cents an hour.

Here are some fascinating research findings and insight into the working conditions and opportunities that are that are becoming more gender-neutral.

The inconsistency of gender roles Some gender-specific roles are obviously rooted in stereotypes, for example, women teaching and finance professionals The computing industry is diverse. In the beginning, the field, computer programming was viewed as equal with jobs in secretarial as well as computer programmers were usually women and were known by the name of “computer women.” When the field became more complicated, requiring more skilled, higher-paying employees, computer programming was “upgraded” to men’s jobs. Today’s tech industry that is dominated by males results from this.

Pop culture is also an important role in the occupational stereotypes. Whitney Joy Smith, president of The Smith Investigation Agency, explained that private detectives in real life differ from the characters that are fictionalized in the world of entertainment. “As women working in the industry We hear the shock of a lot of clients who want to speak to an investigator over the phone and then we inform that they’re speaking to one. This is a stigma from the past that we’re trying to end. The days of the retired cop wearing a homburg cap are long gone.”

Is the credibility of a job based on gender?

An 2017. report published in American Sociological Review found that a job that’s considered to be a “male” occupation is viewed as more trustworthy than one that’s a “woman’s” work. The authors came to this conclusion after studying the gender-neutral field of commercial loan managers for an Central American bank.

The study revealed that the borrowers were more likely pay their loans on time when they were in the hands of male loan managers and customers who were who had women managers had a higher chance of fail to make the payments.

In addition, when those who were initially who were paired together with male managers in the course of the study were changed to a manager of a different gender and the non-compliance rate remained the same regardless of the manager’s gender. It appears that all it took was a person who knew one person from the job to give it a gender and if that person is female, then the job was viewed as less important. [Related: 7 Female Entrepreneurs Discuss Their Most Important Problems [Related: 7 Female Entrepreneurs Share Their Biggest Challenges]

It’s not necessary to discuss the reasons why this is detrimental to women, but it discourages men to cross gender lines.

“Both have made significant strides in improvements over the last few years, but it is likely that females in male-dominated fields have made greater advancements than women in the female-dominated fields,” Smith said. Men-dominated jobs have historically received higher respect, more wages, and also greater fringe benefits. However, males in female-dominated occupations are often stigmatized but withoutthe economic incentive.

Breaking boundaries

There are two approaches to address this issue of gender in the workplace. The first is stopping thinking of women-dominated careers as less trustworthy or less credible; the second is to remove the arbitrary distinctions between genders. We’re beginning to see progress in the second.

In a study conducted in 2017 the company that recruits CareerBuilder measured the percentage of jobs that were created in gender-biased jobs that are filled by people of opposite genders. The results were encouraging and showed that the majority of male-dominated and male-dominated fields becoming more gender-neutral.

“Women as well as men taking a step back from preconceived notions and moving into roles that have historically been dominated by women of opposite genders,” said Rosemary Haefner who was the chief of human resources of CareerBuilder during the period of study in an interview.

The study showed that more than one-quarter of all new jobs in traditionally male-dominated professions such as CEOs doctors, lawyers, surgeons web designers, chemical engineers, and producers – were held with women from 2009 until 2017. The study found that 23% of jobs that were traditionally held by males were then filled by women.

The year 2021 was the date Catalyst revealed research that indicated an identical progression. The study analyzed the proportion of women who are in the workforce of specific sectors. Researchers found that the proportion of the number of women working in industries comprised of two-thirds of men rose by 5% between 2016 and the year 2018.

Catalyst classified their findings in two categories which are industries and occupations. The data, derived from 2019, showed that women are the top proportions in these positions that are typically thought of as male roles.

  • Civil engineers: 16%
  • Computer programmers: 21.1%
  • Construction Managers: 8.4%
  • Sales/driving workers and truck drivers: 7.8%
  • Construction trades, extraction workers and supervisors of the first-line: 3.5%
  • Mechanical Engineers: 8.7%
  • Software developers: 19.4%

Catalyst also gathered data on the percentage of women within four male-dominated industries.

  • Construction: 10.9%
  • Manufacturing: 29.5%
  • Oil, mining extraction, gas, and mining: 14.5%
  • Transportation and utilities: 24.1%

Other results

In some roles that are typically filled by women or men however, women are unemployed. Most recent U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics data on nursing show that 12percent of nurses registered with the agency and 20.8 percent of teachers at elementary schools are males.

In a larger sense Here are some other traditional male-dominated occupations where women today make up a large portion part of their workforce.

  • Lawyers: 37.6%
  • Veterinarians: 63%
  • Industrial and commercial design: 17.9%
  • Managers of marketing: 53.6%
  • Optometrists: 45.1%
  • Manager analysts: 50.2%
  • Sales managers: 30.4%
  • Directors, producers, as well as other roles in film 34 percent
  • Chemists: 38.9%
  • Scouts and coaches: 47.6%
  • Investigators, private detectives or investigators 26.9%
  • Paramedics and emergency medical technicians: 31.7%
  • Financial analysts 4.4%
  • Team assemblers: 45.5%
  • Computer system analysts 36 percent
  • General and Operations Managers: 30.4%
  • Surgeons: 22%
  • Web developers: 25.3%
  • Dentists (general): 35.9%
  • Chief executives Chief executives: 30 percent

Similar to these, in these predominantly female work environments, men had the greatest gains:

  • Cooks (institution and cafeteria): 70.3%
  • Displayers of merchandise and window trimmers: 40.9%
  • Retail salespeople 31% of salespeople in retail
  • Pharmacists: 40.7%
  • Educational administrators 37.2%
  • Teachers of elementary schools (except teachers in special education): 20.8%
  • Bartenders: 38.2%
  • Insurance sales agents: 47.7%
  • Marketing analysts, market research analysts and experts: 41.9%
  • Auditors and accountants: 40.9%
  • Technical writers: 48.1%
  • Interior designers: 22.4%
  • Fitness trainers and instructors of aerobics: 32.8%
  • Telemarketers: 33.4%
  • Specialists in training and development: 32.6%
  • Respiratory Therapists: 36.9%
  • Human resource manager: 23.2%
  • Anaesthetists for nurse: 39.31%
  • Physician assistants: 32.8%
  • Public relations professionals: 28.9%

Changes in expectations

While women and men have taken on new professional ambitions the demand for consumer goods is also the driving force behind shifts.

The rise of males in the wedding planning business, “I think client expectations have prompted changes to the industry to make it more gender-neutral,” said Lauren Grech as Director of LLG Events. “Wedding planning isn’t solely for the bride’s mother and the mom of the groom … LGBTQ+ couples have transformed the structure that the bridal industry operates in, allowing all couples to work with one another, as there’s no longer gender-specific roles. It’s very difficult to get out of off the stigma of calling this a “bridal business.'”

There are benefits in providing fresh perspectives to boring areas. “Most people realize that women are creative, intuitive and trustworthy … and so they are quick to recognize that working with female investigators will be more successful,” Smith said. “It’s especially helpful because most people believe that investigators are males, and female investigators tend to be less noticed and can be very beneficial when investigating someone who is of interest.”

Helping employees who are transgender or nonbinary

Like you see in the picture, careers research typically focuses on masculine or female-dominated positions. This definition is not inclusive of the nonbinary and binary transgender population.

It is possible to fill the need by assisting employees to to be more open at work should they wish to. The decision is theirs and not yours. However, encouraging employees to decide to come out will enable your staff to feel more comfortable in their roles.

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