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What Is a C Corporation?

What Is a C Corporation

C companies are usually publicly traded companies owned by shareholders. They differ from other corporate structures in the way they are taxed.

  • C companies are the most common type of business structure in the United States.
  • These business structures are taxed as a separate entity by the business owners.
  • C companies ensure that owners are not personally liable for commercial debt or legal action.
  • This article is for people who want to start a business but aren’t sure how to structure their business.– One of the fundamental decisions an entrepreneur makes when starting a new business is deciding the business structure. For those who decide against partnerships, LLCs and sole proprietors, there is still a decision: what kind of company do you want to create?

C companies, or C entities, can be a great option because they offer owners more protection, but cost more. After all, C companies are the most common type of business structure in the United States. Find out more about C companies below.

What is a C company?

One of the most common business structures employed by entrepreneurs is a C company.

C companies are companies created to pay taxes as separate entities. They are called company C because they are subject to the rules and regulations of subchapter C of the Internal Revenue Code. Furthermore, almost all C companies are publicly traded companies.

The difference between a C corporation and other structures, such as an S corporation or a limited liability company (LLC), is that C corporations must pay federal and state taxes. While other structures require shareholders only to pay tax on the profits they receive, C companies face the possibility of double taxation because both the company and the owners have to pay taxes on the profits.

However, as with other structures, the owners of a C company receive limited liability protection, which protects their personal assets in the event that the company runs into debt or legal problems. In addition to S and LLC companies, C companies are comparable to B companies, which pay similar taxes but operate with different purposes, transparency and responsibilities.

Who owns a company C?

C companies are owned by shareholders, each of whom owns shares in a company. Unlike other structures that limit the number of shareholders, C companies can have an unlimited number of investors.

One of the main responsibilities of shareholders is to choose the company’s board of directors. The board is responsible for defining the strategic direction of the company and hiring its day-to-day executives and officers, who must include at least one president and one secretary. Meetings must also be attended by the board of directors, whose minutes must be kept. Although meetings may be held more frequently, Company C requirements require at least one meeting per year for shareholders and directors. During the shareholders’ meetings, the shareholders can approve the articles of association and any merger proposals.

In addition to electing board members, C companies must appoint someone to act as a resident agent. The resident agent is responsible for a subpoena or petition in any lawsuit filed against the company.

Pros and cons of companies C

Like all entities, C companies have their pros and cons. The circumstances of your organization determine whether the advantages outweigh the disadvantages.


  • Liability Protection: The property’s limited liability ensures that owners are not personally liable for corporate debts or legal actions brought against the company.
  • Tax Benefits: C corps can deduct tax expenses.
  • Funds Raised: Since C companies can have an unlimited number of shareholders, they have an advantage over other structures in raising funds when needed. A company C simply has to sell more shares in the company if more capital is needed.
  • Perpetuity: C companies can live forever, even when ownership changes hands by selling shares.


  • Double taxation: under this structure, both the company and each individual owner pay taxes on the profits made during the year. Businesses can avoid double taxation by reinvesting profits in the business.
  • Tax in all states in which they operate: C companies are subject to taxation in all states in which they operate. Tax attorneys are an absolute necessity for C companies and extensive record keeping to demonstrate compliance with all applicable state and federal laws.

When to incorporate as a company C

There are several situations where incorporating as a C company can be a profitable business decision, including recent tax changes to liability. Here are three of the most popular situations:

1. When you want protection

The limited liability granted to a C company extends to directors, officers, shareholders and employees. This means that if there is a debt or a lawsuit filed against the company, the lawyers cannot pursue your personal assets to settle those debts and liability claims. This is in stark contrast to sole proprietorships, where your money and your company’s money are the same, and if the company is sued, you too, putting your assets at risk.

2. When you want your business to last

C companies do not dissolve when an owner goes out of business; they are separate legal entities capable of resisting changes in ownership. For example, if two people together own a company C and one decides to leave, they can sell their shares without going out of business. However, other business entities can dissolve into a similar situation.

3. When you are on a tight budget

Many would-be entrepreneurs who don’t have a large budget to start a business turn to C companies as they can raise capital by selling stock. If you have a great business idea and can convince investors of its profitability, chances are you will receive valuable investments.

How to start a C Corporation

If becoming a C company is right for your business, here are some steps you will need to take:

  1. Choose a name. The first step in creating a company C is choosing a name for your business. Most states require it not to be similar to what another company is already using.
  2. Archive the articles of association. After selecting an original name, you must complete and file the Deed of Incorporation form, also known as the Deed of Incorporation, with the secretary of state. The module details thebasics of the business, including name, address, purpose and founders.
  3. Hold a board meeting. Once the merger is approved, your company must hold a meeting of the board of directors in which the bylaws are recorded and drafted.
  4. Get licenses. Before permanently opening, you must obtain all state and local licenses necessary to operate.

C Corporate Tax Laws for 2022

The American Jobs Plan, proposed by the Biden administration to “reimagine and rebuild a new economy” through “an investment in America that will create millions of good jobs, rebuild our country’s infrastructure and position America to overtake China. “affects almost every industry in the United States.

According to the Biden administration’s budget proposal, C companies would see a tax rate hike in 2022. For fiscal years starting after December 1. On January 31, 2021, the corporate tax rate C would increase between 21% and 28%. For tax years starting between January 1, 2021 and January 1, 2022, the plan proposes that the corporate tax be 21%, plus 7% multiplied by the portion of the taxable income that arrives in 2022.

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